Contribution for Topicos 1-2009

Title page of Topicos 1-2009

In dHe writes magazine of Topicos of German Brazilian society lawyer Wieschemann on invitation of President Dr. Uwe Kaestner, Ambassador (ret’d), on the training of young football player in Brazil and their transfer to Europe and the world. Most fans connect with Brazilian soccer players the game art and football as an expression of joy, but for the majority of the players in Brazil, it is the only chance to escape the social misery. With this hope, many make a deal – in South America, as in Europe.


In the long list of the raw materials exported by Brazil, they don’t show up. Economy as a whole, they are also less may be significant. But more than anything else, they shape the perception of Brazil abroad. Football player that much and thousands are trained in the expectation of a great career in Brazil and later transferred to all over the world.

A guest post by RA Christof Wieschemann

The production of football talent is in Brazil with almost industrial trains. “First we would see, then we reap, and finally we sell our product on the market. Directly on the table of the consumer. Our home market is Europe”, says Carlos Alberto, former Brazilian international and two-time World Cup participants.

Every child knows the name of the Brazilian players who gained fame abroad, in Europe and in Brazil. In years rising from about 701 players in 2000 to 1176 in 2008 change every year young Brazilian talent in the world. Hardly a boy in Brazil who wants to emulate his idols, not. An ideal, which according to Socrates, Captain of the Brazilian World Cup team of 1982, has also quite negative traits, come, but almost all internationals from rather poor conditions without proper education. For them, the Football League was the only chance to escape from poverty. But if the idols, so Socrates does in a mirror interview, have no education, but each child ask themselves: “Why I should go to the teaching”? Generations of excluded would used in this manner, because by the million soccer-fixated boy managed only a fraction of the rise to fame. Any other damn without training – to the misery -.

This is the other side of the coin. The proportion of future stars is remarkably low considering the number of the transferred player. This should have two main causes.

Professional football is mainly a business where many want to earn. First of course the Brazilian clubs that finance their own game operation and of course also Junior training almost exclusively with the proceeds from the sale of their players. Only extremely rarely but the issuing Club is located at the time of the transfer of a player to Europe still in possession of all “rights”, and often shares of the “rights” under economic pressure before player Advisor, which number multiplied has in the last six years in Brazil. That a Brazilian Player “available for free” switches after the end of his employment contract, doesn’t in fact in practice. The economic pressure is high, so high that the talents often early switch lot abroad. This is not good for the player’s character development, makes more economic sense. In the list of the top transfers, there are not a few Brazilians – but only with the transfers within Europe. Only Denílson has really brought money to Brazil.

Hardly a former well-known Brazilian Player or coach who strives not with a soccer school for the training of young talents. Only a few do this for altruistic reasons, like the former Pro from Leverkusen and Bayern Munich, Jorginho, who opened a football school in Rio de Janeiro in 2000 along with his co-world champions Bebeto, who not only trainers and supervisors, but also teachers and social workers teach in up to 700 children in the skills, they need not only in football, but in life. He also wanted to enter only transfer transactions, but had quickly realized that it was no longer his thing, his heart no longer around. , Such as the former Brazilian national coach Carlos Alberto Parreira or Vanderlei Luxemburgo, head coach from 1998 to 2000, and one of the “stars” of the Committee of inquiry corruption in football 2000/2001, share other more economic interests.

Some serious, more even unserious.

In 2006, the story of Douglas Rodrigues through the press, which was wrecked on the Frankfurt airport with 5 other players from Brazil was exemplary. His dream of a future as a footballer had brought his father to sell his car to travel to his son and a players ‘ agent to pay, whose well-connected to European clubs existed but only in his imagination. Brazil coach Carlos Dunga puts it in a nutshell “everyone says that this player trade such as prostitution, but all draw their benefit”.

The other reason why the failure rate of transfers is relatively high, is a dilemma. The fascination of Brazilian football is based on creativity, absolute freedom, not on efficiency. Brazilian football is disorganized as the Brazilian society and often as the Brazilian players. European, German clubs that have bred “streamlined” young professionals located in many years of work, often have their difficulties with the individuality of Brazilian players. The properties, which are in demand on the playing field, lead outside often to conflicts. Many of the great Brazilian players are noticed in Europe by antics off the pitch and that’s why clashed with their club. The players who will remain sustainable positive memories in Europe such as Ze Roberto, Jorginho and Dunga also, even explain that they have learned here estimated properties, organization, discipline, hardness and athletics only in Europe.

Still underestimated the effect of changing life conditions on the performance of the player. The times by Sepp Herberger, who gave even the set with place his players “11 Freunde should be your” are long gone. Also the verschworenste team dissolves mostly after the end of the training or the game, which is compatible with the community familiar Brazilian Player mentality is difficult. The will to integrate is often only low, the language barrier is greater. South American players often feel rejection by the coach as a lack of respect, which easily leads to the exaggeration of differences of opinion with little occasion.

That can reduce the risk by solid research grounded in the character of the player, it shows the example of Bayer 04 Leverkusen. The Club uses the contacts built up in Brazil to be also over a longer period to get a picture of the character of a player, including through targeted research in the social environment. So Bayer Leverkusen made is hardly a flop of transfer. Quite the contrary. Paulo Sergio, Ze Elias, Emmerson, Ze Roberto, Juan, and most recently, Renato Augusto are only a few players who had their first European station in Leverkusen and is proven. Some of them later played with great success at FC Bayern München, the Club, which has usually a different strategy. The Club signed usually players who had already proven himself in Europe under acceptance of major transfer payments. There, where the Club sure thought he was this rule contrary to, to commit a player directly from South America was a success out in Munich, as with dos Santos, Sosa and Breno. Completely fail to meet expectations, including Carlos Alberto, Ze RobertoII and Thiago Neves would however – from German Scouts go unnoticed – in Germany, had made negative headlines in Brazil.

Such stories will not prevent more transfers of Brazilian player in the world. The fate of the young players and the Brazilian club football, whose Attraktivität suffers from the loss of players, but require a more responsible approach to the topic.

 Lawyer Wieschemann is an independent lawyer in Bochum and has been working since 1998 in sports law with a focus on football. He is a member of International Sport Lawyers Association and the Dnglish Brasilianischen Juristen Vereinigung.

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